Ecologists have become increasingly aware of the importance of moths in habitats both as part of food chains and as indicators of the health of the environment. For the last four years, with the help and expertise of Duncan Davidson, butterfly and moth recorder for East Scotland, we have contributed to local records by surveying moths in the area in front of Hermitage House.

To read more about moth recording click here. To see the Butterfly Conservation website click here.

Brick moth Large yellow underwing Light emerald

Scientific Name Common Name Sep-06 Aug-07 Jul-08 Sep-09 Aug-11 Larval Foodplant
Hepialus lupulinus Common Swift     X     Grass roots and the roots of many wild and cultivated herbaceous plants.
Hepialus fusconebulosa Map-winged Swift   X X     Roots of Bracken
Yponomeuta evonymella Bird-cherry Ermine         X Bird Cherry
Agapeta hamana     X       Thistle
Agriphila tristella           X Base of grass stems.
Udea olivalis       X     A variety of herbaceous plants
Pleuroptya ruralis Mother of Pearl   X     X Nettle.
Aphomia sociella Bee Moth   X       The comb in bee and wasp nests
Ochropacha duplaris Common Lutestring     X     Birch
Idaea aversata Riband Wave   X     X Low growing herbaceous plants, inc bedstraws, primrose, dandelion and docks.
Xanthorhoe montanata Silver-ground Carpet   X X     Herbaceous plants including cleavers, bedstraws and primrose.
Epirrhoe alternata Common Carpet   X       Bedstraw
Eulithis prunata Phoenix         X Black Currant, Red currant, bramble and related plants.
Chloroclysta siterata Red-green Carpet X     X   Mainly Oak and Rowan.
Chloroclysta citrata Dark Marbled Carpet       X X A range of bushes and plants, including sallow and blaeberry 
Chloroclysta truncata Common Marbled Carpet X   X X   Sallow, birch, bramble, heathers, privet and hawthorn.
Thera britannica Spruce Carpet X         Mainly Norway Spruce, but also Sitka and other conifers.
Hydriomena furcata July Highflyer   X     X Hazel, sallows and heather.
Perizoma didymata Twin-spot Carpet   X       A range of plants such as blaeberry, sallow and heather.
Eupithecia pulchellata Foxglove Pug     X     The stamens and developing seeds inside the flowers of Foxglove.
Eupithecia nanata Narrow-winged Pug   X       The flowers of heather.
Gymnoscelis rufifasciata Double-striped Pug   X       A range of plants and bushes, including gorse and holly 
Chesias legatella Streak X         Broom
Lomaspilis marginata Clouded Border     X     Sallow and poplars
Opisthograptis luteolata Brimstone Moth   X X   X Hawthorn, blackthorn, plum and occasionally rowan.
Biston betularia Peppered Moth     X     A wide range of trees and plants, including hawthorn, birch, sallows, poplars, oaks, beech, rose, bramble.
Alcis repandata Mottled Beauty   X       Many woody plants including Hawthorn, oaks, birch, blaeberry, heather, spruce etc.
Campaea margaritata Light Emerald   X X   X Oak, hawthorn, hazel, birch and sallows
Ochropleura plecta Flame Shoulder     X     Wide range of herbaceous plants including groundsel, ribwort plantain and bedstraws.
Noctua pronuba Large Yellow Underwing   X X   X Wide range of herbaceous plants and grasses, docks, brassicas, marigolds, foxglove and meadow grass.
Noctua comes Lesser Yellow Underwing X       X Wide range of herbaceous plants such as common nettle, dock and foxglove.
Noctua fimbriata Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing       X   A range of herbaceous plants, including nettle, dock and primrose.
Noctua janthe Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing   X     X Wide range of herbaceous plants such as dead-nettle, dock, mayweed and arum lily.
Lycophotia porphyrea True Lover's Knot   X       Heather.
Diarsia dahlii Barred Chestnut         X Birch and Blaeberry.
Diarsia brunnea Purple Clay     X     Foxglove, blaeberry, sallows, brambles and birches
Diarsia rubi Small Square-spot     X     Range of herbaceous plants including dandelion, dock and foxglove.
Xestia triangulum Double Square-spot   X X     Many herbaceous plants such as buttercups, primrose cow-parsley and wood spurge.
Xestia baja Dotted Clay         X Common nettle, hawthorn, willows and birches.
Naenia typica Gothic         X Common comfrey, willowherbs, cleavers, sallows, apple and buddleia.
Cerapteryx graminis Antler Moth   X     X Sheep's fescue, mat-grass, purple moor-grass, sedges and rushes.
Mythimna impura Smoky Wainscot         X Grasses
Agrochola circellaris Brick X         Wych Elm and Poplar
Agrochola lota Red-line Quaker X         Sallow and Willow
Cryphia domestica Marbled Beauty   X       Lichens.
Mormo maura Old Lady         X Blackthorn and other shrubs and trees.
Cosmia trapezina Dun-bar       X X Most broad-leaved trees.
Apamea monoglypha Dark Arches   X       Grasses including common couch and cock's-foot
Apamea lithoxylaea Light Arches   X       Stems and roots of a number of grasses
Oligia fasciuncula Middle-barred Minor     X     Various types of grass
Diachrysia chrysitis Burnished Brass         X Mostly nettle, but other herbaceous plants such as White Dead-nettle, Wild Marjoram and Spear Thistle.
Autographa jota Plain Golden Y     X     range of plants including nettle.
Hypena proboscidalis Snout X   X     Common Nettle
Zanclognatha tarsipennalis Fan-foot     X     Withered leaves from oak and beech.
Amphipyra pyramidea agg. Copper Underwings X         A range of deciduous trees, especially oak
Oligia strigilis agg. Marbled or Tawny Marbled Minor     X     Various types of grass
Mesapamea secalis agg. Common or Lesser Common Rustic   X     X Grasses including cock's-foot and fescues.
Hoplodrina sp. Rustic or Uncertain   X       Low plants such as dock and plantain
Number of species =  58 9 24 21 5 21


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See also:

Balsam bashing

Burn clean ups

Moth watches

Wildlife watches